on Thursday 9 January 2014 photo by Getty Images / AFP
The history of the Winter Olympics - Cortina in 1956, the first Games but also Italian and Toni Sailer of the USSR''
The seventh episode of the novel the Olympic winter that saw the hat-trick of'' Austrian alpine skiing, the triumph of the Soviet colossus in the medals at the Games rookie whites, but also the success story of the skater Tenley Albright'' And the 43rd IOC session held in Rome, scheduled for April 27, 1949'' s Hotel Excelsior, which must decide who gets the seventh Winter Olympic Games program in seven years later. The candidates are the North American Lake Placid (for the third time in a row!), Colorado Springs, Montreal and the'' Italian'' Cortina d'Ampezzo. The Pearl of the Dolomites had already won the 1944 Olympic white that never quarreled because of the war and lost ones of 1952 in favor of Oslo. The application of the Ampezzo resort, which has hosted many international events in Alpine skiing, Nordic skiing and bobsleigh, resubmitted and is supported by Count Albert Bonacossa great leader and sportsman who participated in the 1920 Antwerp Olympics in men's singles tennis and then helped to popularize the sport of racquet founding the International Italy'' s in 1930, is a member of the IOC since 1925 and in 1926 he founded the Italian Federation of Ice Sports, finally, is the owner of the main sports newspaper our home, the Gazzetta dello Sport.
An all-round personality then, whose efforts lead to the triumph of Cortina with 31 votes against 7 in Montreal, 2 to 1 just to Colorado Springs and Lake Placid. Unfortunately Bonacossa died January 30, 1953 and will not go to the scene to see those games that had really wanted and that will have a great success among the participants and those who work mainly for the'' optimal accommodation plant logistics of the race, all near the center of the city except Misurina Lake, home of the speed skating events, distant fifteen miles from Cortina. The Italian Government is committed to CONI together with a large amount of money to fund these Olympics with the construction of roads and railway lines to facilitate the influx of spectators'':'' The goal of the organizing committee, chaired by Paolo Thaon Revel is , show everyone the'' organization'' and the efficiency of a country left with broken bones from World War II but who is recovering very quickly, and for this since four years before the members of the committee travel to Oslo for '' steal the secrets of the organization of these events from the Nordic masters.
In addition, the Games are a great opportunity for winter sports to come out of their corner in a nation where they are still very niche. '' In the program there is no demonstration sport, cross-country skiing there are two new races, the 30 km men's and women's relay, which increase the total number of events to 24. The Olympic torch is lit at the Capitol in Rome, among the torchbearers Zeno Colo is that it launches with the flame along the'' Olympia Tofane, the track of the men's downhill. During the opening ceremony of the oath of the athletes is pronounced for the first time in history by a woman, Giuliana Minuzzo, downhill bronze four years ago in Oslo and in the meantime become Mrs. Chenal. The last torchbearer is Guido Caroli, speed skater in his third Olympics, which turns on the tripod but not before being tripped over a cable television after being dropped without damage gets up without consequences for him or for the flame and can lead to complete its task.
These Winter Games marks a momentous milestone for two reasons: for the first time an Olympic Games'' is broadcast live on television thanks to RAI, also'' c'' is the highly anticipated debut of the USSR'', which had already been made see great results at the 1952 Summer Games in Helsinki. And the Soviet colossus not immediately betrays triumphing in the medal with seven gold medals in the men's relay fund the countries of Northern Europe were forced to surrender while Lyubov Kozyreva wins the 10km women. Ice hockey is great impression for the game Soviet squadron that won all seven games scoring 40 goals and conceding 9 and starting a domain that replaces that of Canada. In speed skating star Evgeny Grishin is that since this edition becomes "mister ex-aequo" of the Olympic Games as he won the 500 and is the first in the Winter Olympics to set a world record even though only eguagliandolo, in the 1500 lowered the previous record but it does tied with compatriot Yury Mikhailov. The seventh gold of the USSR comes from the 5000 meters and won Boris Shilkov while 10000 are the prerogative of the Swedish Ericsson Sigvard.
In the other races of Nordic skiing, the jump goes to Finnish Antti Hyvärinen, one of the representatives of the new technique of flying with arms outstretched at your sides and leaned forward, Nordic combined gold goes to the Norwegian Sverre Stenersen, the 15 km trail, which replaces the 18 km, also goes to a Norwegian, Hallgeir Brenden repeating the triumph of Oslo in 1952 on the old distance, 30 km of gold if it takes a champion already known, the Finnish Veikko Hakulinen, and that of 50 km if he wins a champion blossomed not long, the Swede Sixten Jernberg, famous for its long and grueling workouts solitary, that the longest distance above its Hakulinen and also won two silver medals in the other two individual races and the bronze medal in the relay behind the USSR and Finland, while in the women's relay are the very suomi to triumph thanks to a fall of the last Soviet factional, Radya Yeroshina. In the figure skating pairs competition goes to the Austrians Sissy Schwarz and Kurt Oppelt while in the men's hat-trick of the United States who continue their domination, among other things with his brothers Alan and David Hayes Jenkins gold and bronze respectively.
Incredible stories of the first two teams, also Americans, the artistic female. The 20 year-old Tenley Albright, gold, 12 years is suffering from a mild form of polio, but with the help of his father'' surgeon located in skating the way to get behind a possible physical handicap and to get to sporting glory, it is silver Oslo and then won two golds and a silver in the world but two weeks before the Games in Cortina, while you are training right in the Pearl of the Dolomites, falls and injures himself seriously with the left shoe on his right ankle, the blade cuts the boot and a vein dent'' and goes to the bone. Her father, warned in time, falls two days after'' s hospital where she is hospitalized and his feet with a special protection, Tenley takes to train and incredibly manages to win the title in front of the 16 year old compatriot Carol Heiss competes with that thought of her mother seriously ill who died the following October, Carol, so he decides not to retire and to continue until the next Olympics to try to dedicate a golden memory.
In alpine skiing, there are three female Olympic champions different, the Swiss Madeleine Berthod (downhill) and Renée Colliard (slalom) and Ossi Reichert, western representative of a unified Germany, which is still deployed and finally presents some of the athletes in the eastern part, such as Harry Glaß, bronze in ski jumping. Nell'alpino male winner, indeed, the winner, is only one: Toni Sailer, 20 year-old Austrian Kitzbuehel, to win the first edition of the Games in the same three gold medals in alpine skiing. It begins with the giant trim where the incredible (and never again equaled at the Olympic level) detachment of 6 "2 compatriot Andreas Molterer, then continues with a slalom before which does not feel the alarm, in his haste forgot the bib and get at the last moment at the starting gate, down to the fifteenth with a pectoral curious remedied at the last minute, 135, and without having done the survey closes also leading the first moto and eventually triumphs in front of the Japanese first medal at the Games Winter, Chiharu Igaya.
It is the descent sull'Olimpia Tofane but a few minutes after his departure, as he is tying his boots, a string breaks. Panic. No one seems able to help him but his savior comes from the Italian national team is Hans Senger, technical (Austrian) of our own, which takes away one of the straps of his boots and delivery Sailer so that it can fix its footwear and take off on time. His descent is spectacular and arrived at the crucial point, Rumerlo, skis spread apart by way of split'' and seems to end up in a lion's skin after a bump but miraculously recovers control of the skis and throws himself at the finish line with a time of cutting 2'' 52 "2, which earned him an historic hat-trick of gold. Sailer becomes a star planetarium, in 1958 the World Championships in Bad Gastein won three golds and a silver and then hang up the skis on the nail.
The only medals for Italy in its first game at home this coming from bob. Lamberto Dalla Costa, 35 Marshal, uses his knowledge to perfection every meter of track Ronco and triumphs with his brakeman, the Count Giacomo Palermo, southern Italy first medalist at the Winter Games. I have beaten the Cortina and Renzo Alvera Eugenio Monti, Monti, 28, for the truth is born in Dobbiaco but resides in the Pearl of the Dolomites therefore he knows perfectly the track, it was a great promise of alpine skiing but after a serious injury in training in Sestriere to continue to experience the thrill of speed on the bob and folds in these games to win the silver also in the race to four, preceded by the crew of the Swiss Max Angst. Unfortunate the aforementioned Minuzzo Giuliana Chenal-, fourth in both downhill and in slalom, while Alfred Prucker gained an excellent eighth place in the Nordic combined, and finally the blue men's relay team of fund resumes leadership of the countries of south-central and finished fifth.
7th edition of the Olympic Winter Games
Host city and date of the event: Cortina d'' Ampezzo (Italy), January 26th-February 5th, 1956
Athletes participating: 821 (689 men, 132 women)
Participating countries: 32
Italian participants: 65 (53 men, 12 women)
Italian flag-bearer: Tito Tolin (ski jumping)
Securities allotted: 24 in 8 sports
Official opening: President of the Italian Republic Giovanni Gronkowski
Olympic athletes' oath: Giuliana Chenal-Minuzzo (Alpine skiing)
Last torchbearer: Guido Caroli
Soviet Union: 7 gold 3 silver 6 bronze
Austria: 4 gold 3 silver 4 bronze
Finland: 3 gold 3 silver 1 bronze
Switzerland: 3 gold 2 silver 1 bronze
Sweden: 2 gold 4 silver 4 bronze
United States: 2 gold 3 silver 2 bronze
Norway: 2 gold 1 silver 1 bronze
Italy: 1 gold 2 silver
Unified Germany: 1 gold 1 bronze
Canada: 1 silver 2 bronze
Japan: 1 silver
Poland: 1 bronze
Hungary: 1 bronze